Artikkel publisert i Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, forfattere: Tatiana Iakovleva, Stavanger Center for Innovation Research, University of Stavanger, Norway, Ingrid Bay-Larsen, Nordland Research Institute, Bodø, Norway
Galina Kharitonova, Institute for Economic Studies, Kola Science Centre, Russian Academy of Science, Vladimir Didyk, Institute for Economic Studies, Kola Science Centre, Russian Academy of Sciences.
This study focuses on sustainable business development in protected areas in northern Norwayand northwest Russia. We used an institutional profile model with three dimensions—regulatory, cognitive, and normative—to study the countries’ institutional profiles. Qualitative interviews were conducted with tourism operators, non-government organizations, and local, regional, and national authorities in the environment and tourism sectors. Our findings reveal that regulation of protected areas, legislation, and government programmes play an important part in the development of sustainable nature-based tourism in both countries. In addition, cognitive and normative aspects are important, particularly in relation to competencies and skills of entrepreneurs and authorities, education, development of business concepts, and nature protection. These findings are used to suggest implications for policy-makers and practitioners.